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Archive for August, 2012

The MIREIA (Measuring the Impact of eInclusion Actors) study aims to better understand the role of e-Inclusion intermediary actors and to create adequate instruments to facilitate the demonstration of their outcomes and their contribution to the achievement of European e- Inclusion policy goals.

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) play an essential role in supporting daily life in today’s digital society. The EU policy on e-Inclusion aims at reducing gaps in ICT usage and promoting the use of ICT to overcome exclusion, and improve economic performance, employment opportunities, quality of life, social participation and cohesion.

The MIREIA research aims to address two key gaps identified at policy and research level:
a) the need to characterize the diverse set of actors involved in implementing eInclusion policies;
b) the lack of common methodologies and practice in measuring the impact of ICT for socio-economic inclusion.

The MIREIA research will carry out the following activities:

  1. State of play Analysis – Review of Literature and practice on measuring ICT for socio-economic inclusion.
  2. Selected Locality Mapping – to provide a detailed picture of eInclusion local landscapes in selected localities
  3. Conceptualization and design of the Impact Assessment Framework for eInclusion intermediaries
  4. Survey design and testing of the Impact Assessment Framework for eInclusion intermediaries
  5. Development of an implementation methodology for applying the Impact Assessment Framework for eInclusion intermediaries
  6. Stakeholders‘ Engagement, communication and dissemination

Start date: 1st January 2012
Preparatory studies: January – May 2012
1st Experts Workshop: 3-4 May 2012 (JRC-IPTS, Seville)
Stakeholders’ Consultation Workshops – 6th September 2012
2nd Experts’ Workshops: June 2013
Final Stakeholders’ Consultation Event: October 2013
End date: 31st December 2013

MIREIA website

In May 2012, WebAIM conducted a survey of preferences of screen reader users. We received 1782 valid responses to this survey. This was a follow-up survey to the original WebAIM Screen Reader User Survey of January 2009 and the follow-up surveys from October 2009 and December 2010.

The conclusion identified in the previous screen reader user surveys remains – there is no typical screen reader user. These results highlight significant changes and trends over a span nearly 3.5 years.
A few items of note:
– JAWS is still the primary screen reader, but usage continues to decrease as usage of NVDA and VoiceOver increases.
– The perception of free or low-cost screen readers is improving.
– The perception of accessibility of web content is decreasing.
– 72% of the respondents use a screen reader on a mobile device, up from only 12% three years ago.
– iOS device usage is significantly increasing and well above that of the standard population. Screen reader users represent a notable portion of the iOS device user market. Usage of Android devices is well below that of non-disabled users.
– The use of properly structured headings remains of great importance.
– The items that cause the most difficulty on the web remain largely unchanged over the last 2.5 years, with inaccessible Flash content and CAPTCHA being the most problematic.

Source: WebAIM’s 2012 screen reader users survey

WAI invites comments on the First Public Working Draft of Applying WCAG 2.0 to Non-Web Information and Communications Technologies (WCAG2ICT). This draft document provides guidance on how Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 can be applied to non-web information and communications technologies (ICT), specifically documents and software. It does not discuss whether or not WCAG 2.0 should be applied to non-Web ICT. For this draft, WAI particularly seeks comments on: * The overall approach of the document. * The “Additional Guidance” in this draft. * Additional key terms to be defined in this document. * Is it necessary or helpful to provide guidance on applying the principles and/or guidelines? (This draft currently provides guidance only for success criteria.). Note that only the success criteria are used for determining conformance to WCAG 2.0. Please send comments on this draft to the publicly-archived mailing list: *by 7 September 2012*.

A new advanced draft of the EC-mandated (M376) European Standard EN 301 549 has just been published for commenting. See in particular chapter 9 for the web and chapters 10 and 11 for applying W3C WCAG2.0 also to electronic documents and software applications interfaces, and the related annexes C9 to C11 for verifying conformance. Comments are due by 15th September 2012.
See also:
– The first draft of the W3C Note on Applying WCAG 2.0 to Non-Web Information and Communications Technologies, e.g. to electronic documents or software applications, has just been published for commenting:
– The draft of the W3C Note on Website Accessibility Conformance Evaluation Methodology (WCAG-EM) 1.0: (a more advanced draft is expected shortly for further commenting).